New Election Date: Dec. 20

first_img“The decision to reschedule the election from December 16 to December 20, 2014, is intended to compensate for time lost as a result of the Stay Order imposed on the election and campaign activities by the Supreme Court,” the electoral body said.Providing their reliance on said decision, NEC maintained that the new date is in “consonance with Joint Resolution #002 recently adopted by the Legislation.”Joint Resolution #002 mandated the Commission to hold consultation with stakeholders aimed at deciding a new date since October 14 due to onslaught of the Ebola virus in Liberia.The 53rd National Legislature’s Joint Resolution instructed the Commission to decide a new date of polling no later than December 20, 2014.While political rallies were ongoing, few political parties inclusive of Movement for Progressive Change (MPC) Alliance for Peace and Democracy (APD) and National Democratic Coalition (NDC) filed a lawsuit, forcing the High Court to place a Stay Order on the process.Indeed the Supreme Court lifted the Injunction on 13 December, but failed to set a new date. Though clothed with the responsibility to conduct elections but not to set polling date for legislative and Presidential elections as provided for under the Constitution, the Commission announced December 20, 2014 as voting day, and at the same time, urged political parties and candidates to assist in informing the electorate about the new date for the election as they proceed with their respective political campaigns.The Commission called for parties and candidates involved with the election to restrict their political activities within the framework of the law and measures agreed to at a recent Inter Party Consultative Committee Meeting held on December 3, 2014.According to NEC, several issues were decided, including but not limited to, “no street Parades, campaigns will only be conducted in districts/communities; and gatherings will not exceed 250 persons.However, political commentators termed the restrictions as “mere bluff” stressing that NEC does not have the capacity to monitor these processes, let alone prosecute violators.Political Campaigns for Saturday’s poll will officially end at 6:00 PM on Friday, December 19, 2014.According to the 1986 Constitution, the electoral body should have conducted election for the first category of senators elected in 2005 after the coming into force of the Constitution as provided by under Articles 46 and 83 respectively.However, with the controversies associated with the poll including who has the authority to change election date and the lawsuit filed against the process, not forgetting the presence of the Ebola virus in the country; credibility remains a major challenge for Liberia’s young democracy.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) National Elections Commission (NEC) has again somersaulted on its mandate to conduct polling for the 2014 Special Senatorial Election.The new date set for the election is now Saturday, December 20, 2014 and not December 16, as was previously announced, NEC indicated yesterday in Monrovia.According to a press statement signed by the Commission’s Communications Director Joey Kennedy, NEC took the hard decision in collaboration with political parties and independent candidates at an urgently arranged meeting at the Commission’s headquarters in Sinkor, Monrovia.last_img read more

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VIDEO: De Graafschap star scores injury time screamer in relegation playoff

first_imgDe Graafschap have fought hard to get through to the final of the Eredivisie relegation playoffs, beating MVV Maastricht on aggregate over two legs in the semi-final.They won the first leg 1-0, before the home leg produced a close fought affair.The visitors took the lead to restore parity, before Krisztopher Vida’s strike put De Graafschap back in front.Maastricht continued to fight for another goal, but the hosts secured their place in the final in the dying minutes of the game.As injury time started, Karim Tarfi took it on himself to guarantee the victory, netting an exceptional volley from the edge of the box.They may be losing the final 4-1 after the first-leg, but Tarfi’s goal is one which will not be forgotten too soon, and you can watch it above…last_img

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NEW GAA RULES MEAN YOU’LL HAVE TO ADD MOUTHGUARDS TO YOUR CHRISTMAS SHOPPING LIST

first_imgYOUR children playing gaelic games is about to get a bit more expensive as new rules on all players under 18 wearing mouthguards come into force in a month’s time.So Christmas stockings in Donegal this year will have to include the latest piece of GAA kit!And they can range in price from just €5 to €120. The GAA’s Annual Congress in April 2012 enacted a new rule that made it mandatory to use a mouthguard in all Gaelic football matches and training sessions from January 1st 2013 (for all age grades up to and including minor).The new rule at U21 and Adult level comes into force a year later on from January 1st 2014.The GAA says that research figures indicate that Ireland has one of the highest rates of sport-related oral injuries in the EU, with one third of all adult dental injuries being sports-related.In many sports such as rugby and hockey the wearing of gumshields is the norm with nearly all clubs adhering strictly to a ‘no gumshield – no game’ rule. A recent survey of Irish parents found the average cost of dental treatment for sport related dental injuries in children to be €213.14.Studies have also shown that the overall injury risk is close to twice as high when a mouthguard is not worn, relative to when mouthguards were used during athletic activity.The GAA’s Medical, Scientific & Welfare Committee acknowledge that the use of a properly fitted mouthguard is the best available protective device for reducing the incidence and severity of sports-related dental injuries and was centrally involved in ensuring the introduction of compulsory mouthguards in Gaelic Football.The GAA in Co Donegal has issued the following information below to all clubs and players/parents.ABOUT MOUTHGUARDS There are three types of mouth guards:Stock mouthguards are preformed and come ready to wear. They are inexpensive and can generally be purchased in sports shops for in or around €5 each. However, little can be done to adjust their fit, they are bulky, can make breathing and talking difficult, and they provide limited protection. Dentists do not recommend their use, nonetheless, once they carry the CE (European Conformity) mark they are acceptable in terms of complying with the new GAA Rules.Official Opro GAA/GPA stock mouthguards will be available for purchasing through your local retailers: Brian McCormick Sports, Supervalu, Centra, Lifestyle and Elverys.Boil and bite mouthguards can also be bought over the counter at most Sports Shops and generally offer a better fit than stock mouth protectors. The “boil and bite” mouthguard is made from thermoplastic material. It is placed in hot water to soften, then placed in the mouth and shaped around the teeth using finger and tongue pressure. Dentists do not recommend their use in general. Typically these type of mouthguards will cost in the region of €15 to €20 and again any mouthguard with the CE mark on it in this category is sufficient to ensure compliance with the new rule.Custom-fitted mouthguards are individually designed and made in a dental office or a professional laboratory based on your dentist’s instructions. These will not just offer the best protection against dental and oral injury but they should not affect performance i.e. breathing and speech should be relatively unaffected particularly if these have been worn regularly.First, your dentist will make an impression of your teeth and a mouth guard is then molded over the model using a special material. Due to the use of the special material and because of the extra time and work involved, this custom-made mouth guard is more expensive than the other types, but it provides the most comfort and protection.Prices can vary significantly and it is worth seeking and comparing prices from a number of practitioners before deciding to purchase. Typically a custom fitted mouth-guard should cost between €60 and €120. However, many dental practices offer significant reductions to GAA Clubs who are ordering in bulk. GAA clubs can generally liaise with dental centres and clinics to arrange for someone to visit the club on a given day to take dental impressions from a number of players. Custom fitted mouthguards purchased in bulk in this manner should cost around €30 to €50 each.To find a list of dentists and dental centres in your area, you can use the Find a Dentist function on the Irish Dental Associations Website – http://www.dentist.ie/find-a-dentist.10.htmlWHICH TYPE OF MOUTHGUARD SHOULD I PURCHASE?The decision on which type of mouthguard a player should obtain is a matter of personal preference. There is no doubt that custom fitted mouthguards offer the best fit and protection but they are the most expensive option also. The Stock and Boil & Bite options will suffice for compliance with the new rules, but only if the product carries the CE mark.In terms of underage players, it should be borne in mind that teeth and mouths are still developing up until about 12 years of age and young players may grow out of custom fitted mouthguards over a period time. However, your dental practitioner is ultimately in the best position to advise in this context.COMPLYING WITH THE NEW RULEThe GAA recognise that Clubs may be worried about compliance with the new rules and specifically what will happen if a player forgets or does not have a mouthguard on the day of a game. The suggestion in this context is that each Club should purchase a supply of the Stock or Boil and Bite mouthguards for use in such situations.If a player refuses to comply with a Referee’s instruction to wear a mouthguard, he will incur the penalty as outlined in (Rule 6.2, Rules of Foul Play, The Playing Rules of Football, Official Guide, Part II, 2012) ‘Caution the offender; order off if he persists’.SOME QUESTIONS1. When does the new rule come into effect?A. From January 1st 2013, all players playing in grades up to and including Minor will be required to wear a mouthguard in all football games and at practice sessions.2. When does the ruling come into effect for adult players?A. From January 1st, 2014 all players at all grades will be required to wear a mouthguard in all football games and practice sessions.3. What will happen if I am not wearing a mouthguard in a game?A. If a player refuses to comply with a Referee’s instruction to wear a mouthguard, he will initially be cautioned by the Referee and if the player continues to refuse, the Referee can send him off.4. Who is responsible for ensuring mouthguards are worn at training or practice sessions?A. It is a matter for each Club to ensure the rule is adhered to at training or practice sessions. Clubs and players should note that Players will not be covered under the player injury scheme if they are not wearing a mouthguard.5. Do players have to wear a mouthguard in hurling games?A. No. The new rule only applies to football; however, wearing a mouthguard when playing hurling does reduce the risk of dental injury.6. I am a Minor playing on an adult team in 2013. Do I have to wear a mouthguard?A. Not in 2013. The wearing of mouthguards in 2013 is compulsory at all age grades up to minor. However, a player playing at U-21 or adult level in 2013 is not required to wear a mouthguard under rule. From January 1st 2014 all players at all grades must wear a mouthguard.7. Our Club has a nursery, are children in these juvenile age groups exempt from wearing a mouthguard?No.NEW GAA RULES MEAN YOU’LL HAVE TO ADD MOUTHGUARDS TO YOUR CHRISTMAS SHOPPING LIST was last modified: November 28th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:NEW GAA RULES MEAN YOU’LL HAVE TO ADD MOUTHGUARDS TO YOUR CHRISTMAS SHOPPING LISTlast_img read more

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FIREWORK SUSPECTED OF SPARKING SEA SEARCH ALONG DONEGAL COASTLINE

first_imgA red flare spotted over Donegal Bay last night sparked a launch of the emergency services.Bundoran RNLI responded to the callThe flare was spotted by a member of the public between St John’s Point and Ballyshannon.Malin Head Radio coastguard were alerted and they contacted Bundoran RNLI. A major coastline search was carried out along the coastline to determine if any vessels were in trouble just after 10pm.However, information was then received that fireworks had ben let off in the area earlier.The search continued for a short while before it was stood down when all searches proved negative.  FIREWORK SUSPECTED OF SPARKING SEA SEARCH ALONG DONEGAL COASTLINE was last modified: September 7th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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INVESTIGATION LAUNCHED AS MAN IS KILLED IN ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT

first_imgThe scene of this morning’s road crash.A man in his 60s has been killed following tragic accident in the Town Towns early this morning.The man was walking close to McClay’s Corner in Stranorlar when it is understood he was struck by a vehicle.The man’s body remains at the scene and a full Garda investigation is underway. Garda forensic officers are at the scene to establish the exact cause of the tragedy.It is understood the accident happened at 2.50amThe man died at the scene.There are road diversions in place. Any witnesses or anyone with any information is asked to contact Ballybofey Garda Station on 074 9137740, The Garda Confidential Line on 1800-666-111, or any Garda station.Gardai are appealing to anyone travelling in the area of Ballybofey or Stranolar today, to allow plenty of time for your journey. INVESTIGATION LAUNCHED AS MAN IS KILLED IN ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT was last modified: April 5th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:BallybofeydeathGardaiMcCaly’s Cornerrtalast_img read more

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Pemba Warriors end first round with victory

first_imgWarriors end the first round with a 7-4 record (Photos by FUBA Media)National Basketball League 2018YMCA Court, WandegeyaWednesday 27-06-2018-Pemba Warriors 77 – 64 KCCA Men (men)-KCCA Leopards 75 – 48 Angle Basketball Club (ladies)Pemba Warriors ensured that they end the first round on a high with a 77-64 win over bottom side KCCA at the YMCA Court in Wandegeya on Wednesday.Ronnie Mutebi’s side came into the game hoping to build momentum going into the second round and that is exactly what they did, having four players reaching double figures in-terms of points on the night.Warriors started brightly, racing into a 8-0 lead inside two minutes of the first quarter thanks to Emmanuel Eteng’s double and a three apiece from Daniel Gaaki and Mark Opio.Despite KCCA leveling the game (14-14) with just over two minutes to play, Warriors managed to hold on and win the quarter 24-16.The second was a more tight affair with both sides enjoying good spells but Warriors with stood whatever KCCA threw at them and managed to take a healthy 10 point lead into half-time, 42-32.It was all Warriors in the third despite KCCA registering the first four points of the quarter as Mutebi’s men managed to win it 21-16 and in process increase their advantage to 15 with the score board reading 63-48 in favour of the Kyambogo based side.The fourth did not start brightly for any of the two sides and they had to wait for close to three minutes to witness the first points of the quarter. KCCA’s Brian Walters sank a deep three to reduce the deficit to 12 with 7:29 on the clock. His name-sake Cucu scored five more points to bring Warriors lead to within seven but that was the best KCCA could do as Mutebi’s men regained control after Mark Opio scored their first points of the quarter with a three of his own.KCCA won the quarter 16-14 but could not stop Warriors from winning the game 77-64 and in process inflict a 9th loss of the season on the Garbage Collectors.KCCA won the fourth quarter but it was too late for themMark Opiyo top scored for Warriors on the night with 17 points, one of four players to register double figures in-terms of points for Mutebi’s side.The others were Marc Mathe (15), Amisi Saidi (10) and Daniel Gaaki (11).For KCCA, Frank Ikabat scored a game high 19 points and also managed 7 rebounds in the losing effort. Brian Waters and Brian Cucu were the only others to reach double figures in-terms of points for the bottom side with 16 and 13 respectively.Warriors now move to fourth in the standings with a 7-4 record after 11 games of the first round while KCCA remains rooted at the foot of the pile having won only two of their 11 matches this season.In the Ladies’ division, KCCA Leopards overcame Angles Basketball Club 75-48 in a commanding display by the former winners.Despite KCCA having started shakily in the first and in process losing it 14-16, they regained control of the game, winning the other three quarters 12-05, 23-14 and 17-13 respectively.Angle’s Sumine Nabatanzi scored a game high 15 points adding seven rebounds, one assist and two steals to her game.For KCCA, they had five players reach double figures in-terms of points with Joy Chemutai scoring a team high 12, Patricia Aladp (11), Judith Nansobya (10), jackie Basemera (10) and Grace Wanjiku (10).KCCA Leaopards climb to 5th on the log with a 5-2 record while remain 6th having won only two of their first nine games.Upcoming fixtures, Firday 29-06-2018-KIU Titans vs Ndejje Angles @06:00pm-BetWay Power vs JKL Dolphins @08:00pmComments Tags: KCCA MenNBL 2018Pemba Warriorslast_img read more

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Aston Villa boss Lambert plans cautious approach at Chelsea

first_imgAston Villa manager Paul Lambert has suggested that his side’s recent defeat against Arsenal means they will play cautiously at Chelsea on Saturday.Villa won three and drew one of their opening four Premier League games and are third in the table prior to Saturday’s meeting with the table-topping Blues.But the 3-0 home humbling against Arsenal in their last league game was an ominous sign for them ahead of their trip to Stamford Bridge.And Lambert said: “We were too open against Arsenal.“Sometimes that happens when you’re playing well – you think you can go out there and take anybody on.“I’m not going to sit here and say we’re going to go there and play free-flowing attacking football. You do that and I think you’ll get beaten pretty heavily.”Chelsea are three points clear after winning their opening four league fixtures and then drawing their last league game, at Manchester City.“You’ve got to try and get a foothold and not be out of it before you’ve started,” Lambert added. “If we can do that, then great.“We will get chances hopefully on Saturday and when we do, we have to take them.“We’ll go there with nothing to lose. Nobody expects anything from us. We are up against one of the best teams in Europe.”Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

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Fishing the North Coast: Calm seas provide plenty of offshore options

first_imgRockfish, Pacific halibut, tuna, and even salmon. It’s been an arduous wait, but we finally have a variety of offshore options to choose from along the North Coast — and a pretty nice ocean to boot. The Pacific halibut season opened back up on Tuesday, but the ocean and the halibut weren’t fully cooperating for the Eureka boats. They were reportedly biting pretty good in Trinidad, however. After being stuck inside the bay or not fishing, boats finally made their way easily to the Cape, where …last_img

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How Apemen Learned to Give Christmas Presents

first_imgFor your Christmas amusement, some scientists think they have solved the evolution of gift giving.  In an announcement on EurekAlert called “Why we give: New study finds evidence of generosity among our early human ancestors,” the introduction states, “A groundbreaking new study examines the origins of holiday giving and finds that our early human ancestors were frequently altruistic.”  How could Michael Gurvin (UC Santa Barbara) figure this out, without human ancestors to observe or ask?  For his paper in the upcoming Feb. 2006 edition of Current Anthropology, he studied “food exchanges in two small-scale, non-market societies – a classic context for understanding the evolution of conditional cooperation in humans.”  He found that altruism is costly without some kind of payback, but he also found that close kin and neighbors unable to produce much food sometimes receive more than they give.    On the media front, the Science Channel has been airing a series called “The Rise of Man” during Christmas week.  Producers seem to be getting more bold with skin.  One episode showed tribes of completely nude Homo erectus humans in various stages of increasing enlightenment (these are played by actors, you know, with some creative facial makeup, but otherwise anatomically correct human bodies).  Another showed a newly-evolved Homo sapiens tribe watching the effects of lightning in fear and awe.  A delirious female falls to the ground in some kind of trance, jerking and babbling uncontrollably as the others look on with stupefied expressions.  The narrator explains: and thus begins a new chapter in the rise of human consciousness: religion.Cavorting in the wilderness with incomprehensible grunts – how did it come to this.  (We’re not talking about the actors in The Rise of Man; we’re describing figuratively the evolutionary anthropologists.)    It’s superfluous to have to describe how dumb Gurvin’s theory is, but for those imprisoned in the mental concentration camps known as public schools, here are some suggested cerebral exercises to awaken one’s atrophied sensibilities.  What are the empirical observations?  Gurvin observed modern humans acting like human beings: understanding trade, and knowing how to give and care for the helpless.  Do the observations connect at all with a story of the evolution of generosity?  No.  (Chimpanzees don’t act this way; see 10/28/2005 story).  Did he establish any transitions from primate precursors to modern man?  No.  Did he explain the origin of true, unselfish giving?  No.  Did he tie altruism to a lucky random mutation?  No.  Does he have any way of proving that these non-market societies did not degenerate from advanced associations of highly-capable, intelligent human beings who were created with all their moral attributes?  No.  Does his theory destroy Christmas?  Yes.    Gurvin approaches science like all Darwinists do: since evolution is already a fact in their own imaginations, research is just a metaphysical program for stuffing all data into their predetermined belief system.  If he had to prove his speculation against criticism, like a true scientist, he would come up as naked as the actors in The Rise of Man.  The Science Channel doesn’t debate the origin of humans; it just states as a matter of fact that this is the way it happened.  Any disagreement is only between Darwinists about the details.  That’s why we need to get the Darwin Party out of its cushy comfort zone of presumed authority and demand accountability.  (By the way, did you notice how the title The Rise of Man assumes the myth of progress?  Michael Ruse and Stephen Jay Gould would be appalled.)    Darwinians have had free reign for too long, and this is the result: naked grunting actors, and scientists grunting with intellectually naked theories.  They need to be confronted with alternative scientific theories not woven out of materialistic cloth (the kind found in The Emperor’s New Clothes).  They need to be confronted with the soundest criticisms of philosophers and theologians who have not been contaminated with Darwinian LSD, that universal acid that dissolves sound reasoning into hallucinations.  Evolutionary storytelling in the journals and on TV only survives by being insulated from debate.  The Darwin Party faithful cannot tolerate confrontation, because they fear the survival of the fittest ideas.  The Science Channel doesn’t want confrontation, because it might jeopardize their agenda of pushing the envelope of prime-time prurience.  The actors don’t want confrontation or they might have to put their clothes back on and get a real job.  Isn’t it fun to slap on mud, make funny faces and grunt?  Only on The Science Channel.    Tip: watch Survivorman instead; at least you’ll learn something that might come in handy on the next camping trip.  Here’s a suggestion for an episode that might prove too much even for tough guy Les Stroud – surviving as a creationist at the university.(Visited 11 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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How Old Are Sand Dunes?

first_imgThe Namib Desert has some of the largest sand dunes in the world.  How old are they?  Three scientists from the University of London decided to find out.  They took cores out of some dunes in Namibia and analyzed the sand, using multiple high-tech methods.  Their conclusion, just published in Geology: the dunes are much younger than previously thought – only about 5,700 years old.1  That means this huge field of dunes, some over 380 meters high, could have formed from the base up within recorded history.    Previously, geologists were convinced that these dunes were far older:It has been argued that large linear dunes are relics of a cooler, drier, and windier climate during the Last Glacial Maximum, a hypothesis supported by luminescence dating of linear dunes in many areas (Lancaster, 2007) and by the considerable inertia of large dunes, which require thousands of years to respond to changes in wind regime (Warren and Allison, 1998).  In addition, the large number of endemic species within the Namib Sand Sea has been given as evidence for a long and continuous period of hyperarid conditions within Namibia (Ward et al., 1983) and therefore potentially very old dunes.  These ideas gave rise to the hypothesis that, although the linear dunes of the Namib Sand Sea are currently active, they should have some older, Pleistocene core.The Pleistocene epoch dates at 1.8 million to 11,5000 years in the standard geologic column.  The Last Glacial Maximum is thought to be 20,000 years ago.    The team used ground-penetrating radar on a study dune 70m high and 600m wide, and surveyed a 4km area.  They also used a drilling rig to dig out a core, and dated it with optically stimulated luminescence (this gives an indication of the last time sand grains were exposed to sunlight).  They identified three domains within the core, which they said indicates three phases of dune construction with pauses in between.  The first hiatus lasted 2,830 years, they said, due to a prolonged period of increased rainfall.  In their revised model, the last hiatus was very short, occurring between 100 and 50 years ago.  It was due to “reworking of the western flank of the dune by superimposed transverse dunes migrating north along the dune flank within the past 50 yr.”  What does all this mean?    Our studies show that large, complex, linear dunes in the northern Namib Sand Sea are younger than expected and are Holocene in age.  The relative youth of the dune indicates complete turnover of sand during the Holocene, leaving no relic of older Pleistocene dunes, if indeed they existed in this area.  It is possible that there are older dune deposits preserved within the Namib Sand Sea farther to the south, but we have no evidence for this.    The lack of a preserved late Pleistocene core to the dune shows that large linear dunes can be entirely reworked during the Holocene in hyper-arid environments such as the Namib Desert. (The Holocene is charted from 11,500 years ago to the present.)  In their introduction, they stated that “Linear dunes are the most widespread type of desert sand dune, but they are rarely recognized in the geologic record.”  This study of a classic sand dune in the present, therefore, has further implications for interpreting the past as seen in the rocks:Our studies therefore provide firm evidence for lateral migration of linear dunes and indicate that the deposits of many dunes preserved in the rock record previously interpreted to be transverse to the mean transport direction may in fact be those of dunes of linear form that combine the deposits of flow-parallel and flow-transverse elements.  This has important implications for interpretation of ancient eolian sandstones, past wind regimes, and resulting paleoclimatic and paleogeographic reconstructions.It’s timely this study of the Namib dunes came out just when planetary scientists are trying to figure out the dunes on Saturn’s moon Titan (cf. 05/04/2006).  A new set of scientific papers about Titan was just reported in a series of press releases from Jet Propulsion Lab (see also Science Daily).  The series of articles announces the latest results from ongoing analysis of data from the Cassini and Huygens spacecraft by the European Space Agency and NASA.  The article on Titan’s surface says, “Most of Titan’s dunes are giants, each one stretching for up to 100 kilometres in length across the dark plains and separated by 10 kilometres.”  Instead of silica sand, these dunes are made up of “sugar-size hydrocarbon grains between 100 and 300 microns in diameter.”  Still, the dynamics of dune formation should share some commonalities on the two worlds, once the factors of grain size, wind speed and gravity are taken into account.  Perhaps the vast dune fields on Titan were formed in short order as well compared to the billions of years the moon is assumed to have existed.1Bristow, Duller and Lancaster, “Age and dynamics of linear dunes in the Namib Desert,” Geology, June 2007, pp. 555-558, DOI: 10.1130/G23369A.1.Let’s add this interesting discovery to our growing list of geological processes being revised drastically downward in age (e.g., 05/07/2007, 01/12/2007).  The questions they are not asking are as interesting as the ones they are answering.  We can think of three: (1) Why are there so few linear sand dunes in the rock record?  (cf. 06/27/2003, 07/11/2001).  (2) Will geologists now be willing to drastically revise downward the formation times for alleged fossilized dunes, like the Coconino Sandstone?  (3) If a wetter period lasted almost 3000 years between earlier stages of Namib dune formation, long before civilization began using oil and gas, how can we be sure humans today are causing significant climate change?  Try your hand.  What other questions does this paper raise in your perceptive, logical mind?  Tip: you can include Titan.(Visited 328 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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